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or inferior to each other, based on presumed shared inheritable traits, abilities, or qualities. Globalization, Knowledge and Society London: Sage. Weber introduced three independent factors that form his theory of stratification hierarchy, which are; class, status, and power: Class : A person's economic position in a society, based on birth and individual achievement. Gender distinctions are found in economic-, kinship- and caste-based stratification systems. Weber held there are more class divisions than Marx suggested, taking different concepts from both functionalist and Marxist theories to create his own system. Covert racism often feeds into stratification systems as an intervening variable affecting income, educational opportunities, and housing. Most high-income jobs are difficult and require a high level of education to perform, and their compensation is a motivator in society for people to strive to achieve more. The Concise Encyclopedia of Sociology. A b Leung, Rebecca. 10 Max Weber edit Main articles: Three-component theory of stratification and Tripartite classification of authority Max Weber was strongly influenced by Marx's ideas but rejected the possibility of effective communism, arguing that it would require an even greater level of detrimental. 4 Theories of stratification edit Historical edit Karl Marx edit Main articles: Marxism, Historical materialism, and Base and superstructure In Marxist theory, the modern mode of production consists of two main economic parts: the base and the superstructure. Various social and political perspectives concerning globalization, such as dependency theory, suggest that these effects are due to change in the status of workers to the third world. Davis, Kingsley; Moore, Wilbert. In a given society, those who share racial characteristics socially perceived as undesirable are typically under-represented in positions of social power,.e., they become a minority category in that society. 14 "Youthful upper-class members attend prominent preparatory schools, which not only open doors to such elite universities as Harvard, Yale, and Princeton but also to the universities' highly exclusive clubs. 23 Additional variables include those that describe other ascribed and achieved characteristics such as occupation and skill levels, age, education level, education level of parents, and geographic area. Cambridge: Harvard University Press. 19 Variables in theory and research edit The social status variables underlying social stratification are based in social perceptions and attitudes about various characteristics of persons and peoples. Such values are not identical with "consensus" but can as well be an impetus for ardent social conflict as it has been multiple times through history. "The Past, Present and Future of Social Inequality." In Social Stratification: Class, Race, and Gender in Sociological Perspective (Second Edition) (PDF). 288289 Anthropological theories edit Some anthropologists dispute the "universal" nature of social stratification, holding that it is not the standard among all societies.